Formwork history

The Roman Empire

The development of formwork technologies is closely related to the evolution of architectural forms. In the III - early II century BC. e. in the Roman Empire, the so-called Roman concrete appeared. It was a decisive step in the development of an arched-domed ceiling system. To create them, Roman builders used formwork - removable and non-removable. The first was made of wooden planks, and the second was made of bricks and stone blocks.

It was when the construction industry in the state reached unprecedented heights - incredible palaces and villas were built, arenas for gladiator battles and other large structures were built.

It was at this time that the builders had a need to "tame" concrete. Although it was very different from the modern one, it also needed formwork. The most striking example of that time is the Pantheon - the so-called "Temple of the Gods", an outstanding monument in the history of mankind. It is still one of the largest buildings in the world. Its construction was hardly possible without formwork equipment.

Middle Ages

Roman builders used formwork for monolithic construction. Their followers modernized the formwork, bringing it to modern perfection.

In the Middle Ages, formwork ceased to be a kind of elite equipment for the construction of large objects. It was used by artisans to build small monasteries and temples.


In Russia, in the pre-revolutionary period, formwork structures became an invariable attribute of any construction. Of course, they were still far from modern equipment. Formwork received special attention in the USSR. They took an active part in the construction of structures that were grandiose by the standards of that time. They were also used in urban construction.


Now we can safely say that monolithic construction is at the peak of its popularity and development. In our time, during construction, one cannot do without formwork structures.